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美國註冊建築師考試規定(ARE4.0)
by 陳信安, 2011-12-21 18:03, Views(3304)

ARE 4.0 介紹

(Architect Registration Examination)

賴榮平

一、考試科目

    取得NCARB Record 並完成實習建築師計劃 Intern Development Program (IDP)才可報名建築師考試,考下列七科,每科都通過才算及格。

這七科為:
  1. 規畫、計畫及實務 (Programming, Planning & Practice)--85題複選擇題及1題繪圖題
  2. ‚敷地計畫與設計 (Site Planning & Design)--65題複選擇題及2題繪圖題。
  3. ƒ房屋設計與構造系統 (Building Design & Construction Systems)--85題複選擇題及3題繪圖題。
  4. „方案設計 (Schematic Design)--2題繪圖題
  5. …結構系統 (Structural Systems)--125題複選擇題及1題繪圖題。
  6. †房屋系統 (Building Systems)--95題複選擇題及1題繪圖題。
  7. ‡工程文件及服務 (Construction Documents & Services)--100題複選擇題及1題繪圖題。
 
我們把這七科與國內六科及中國九科相對應比較列出如表一:
 
 

台灣建築師高考
(
共考六科)

美國註冊建築師ARE4.0
(
共考七科)

中國一級註冊建築師
(
共考九科)

中國二級註冊建築師(共考五科)

1.營建法規與實務

1.規畫、計畫與實務Programming,
 Planning & Practice

2.工程文件及服務
ConstructionDocuments & Services

1.建築法規

2.建築經濟、施工與設計
業務管理

1. 建築法規

2.建築經濟與施工

2.建築結構

3.結構系統Structural Systems

3. 建築結構

3. 建築結構與設備

3.建築構造與施工

4.房屋設計與構造系統Building
 Design & Construction Systems

4.建築材料與構造

4.建築環境控制

5.房屋系統Building Systems

5.環境控制
6.
建築設備

5.敷地計畫與都市設計

6.敷地計畫與設計Site Planning &
 Design

7.場地設計

4.場地設計

6.建築計畫與設計

7.方案設計Schematic Design

8.建築設計與表達
9.
建築設計前期工作

5.建築設計與表達

 
 
 
二、各科內容
    1.規畫、計畫與實務(Programming, Planning & Practice)
      科目概述 (Division Statement)
The application of project development knowledge and skills relating to architectural programming; environmental, social, and economic issues; codes and regulations; and project and practice management.
‚科目內容範圍 (Content Areas)
  a.規劃分析 (Programming & Analysis)
Assess client needs and requirements to develop master plan and program. Document design objectives including site characteristics, spatial and functional relationships, and building systems considerations. Establish preliminary project scope, phasing, budget, and schedule.
  b.環境、社會、經濟議題 (Environmental, Social & Economic Issues)
Obtain and review site and building surveys. Assess physical, environmental, social, and economic issues and project impact. Develop project concepts utilizing sustainable principles, alternative energy systems, and new material technologies. Apply basic design principles and historic precedent.
  c.法律及規則 (Codes & Regulations)
Identify, analyze, and incorporate building codes, specialty codes, zoning, and other regulatory requirements. Manage regulatory approval process.
  d.專案及實務經營 ( Project & Practice Management)
Develop scope of services and project delivery method. Assess project budget and financing. Identify project team members including consultants. Document project meetings. Manage project schedule and design progress. Assist with construction procurement. Manage legal issues relating to practice including fees, insurance, and professional services contracts.
  ƒ繪圖題 (Vignette)
    a.基地分區 (Site Zoning)
Delineate areas suitable for the construction of buildings and other site improvements responding to regulatory restrictions and programmatic requirements. Define a site profile and maximum buildable envelope based on zoning regulations and environmental constraints.

1.

PROGRAMMING, PLANNING & PRACTICE

 

Intro Time

:15

 

MC Testing Time

2:00

85 items

 

Scheduled Break

:15

 

Intro Time

:15

 

Graphic Testing Time

1:00

Site Zoning

 

Exit Questionnaire

:15

 

Scheduled Appointment Time

4:00

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2. 敷地計畫與設計 (Site Planning & Design)
      科目概述 (Division Statement)
The application of knowledge and skills of site planning and design including environmental, social, and economic issues, project and practice management.
  ‚科目內容範圍 (Content Areas)
    a.原則 (Principles)
Review and assess sites. Incorporate the implication of human behavior, historic precedent, and design theory in the selection of systems, materials, and methods related to site design and construction.
    b.環境議題 (Environmental Issues)
Interpret site and environmental conditions. Assess and apply systems, materials, and construction methods. Incorporate principles of sustainability. Assess design impact on human behavior.
    c.法律及規則 (Codes & Regulations)
Incorporate building codes, specialty codes, zoning, and other regulatory requirements in site design and construction.
    d.材料及技術 (Materials & Technology)
Analyze the implication of design decisions in the selection of systems, materials, and methods incorporated in site design and construction.
    e.專案及實務經營 (Project & Practice Management)
Assess and administer site design, including construction sequencing, scheduling, cost, and risk management.
  ƒ繪圖題 (Vignette)
    a.基地整地 (Site Grading)
Modify a site's topographical characteristics responding to programmatic and regulatory requirements.
    b.基地設計 (Site Design)
Design a site, including building placement, parking, and vehicular and pedestrian circulation, responding to programmatic, functional, environmental, and setback requirements utilizing general site planning principles.
 

2.

SITE PLANNING & DESIGN

 

Intro Time

:15

 

MC Testing Time

1:30

65 items

 

Scheduled Break

:15

 

Intro Time

:15

 

Graphic Testing Time

2:00

Site Grading, Site Design

 

Exit Questionnaire

:15

 

Scheduled Appointment Time

4:30

 
 
 
 
 
 
3. 房屋設計與構造系統 (Building Design & Construction Systems)
      科目概述 (Division Statement)
The application of knowledge and skills of building design and construction, including environmental, social, and economic issues, project and practice management.
  ‚科目內容範圍 (Content Areas)
    a.原則 (Principles)
Incorporate the implications of human behavior, historic precedent, and design theory in the selection of systems, materials, and methods related to building design and construction.
    b.環境議題 (Environmental Issues)
Consider the principles of sustainable design including adaptive re-use, thermal and moisture protection, and hazardous material mitigation.
    c.法律及規則 (Codes & Regulations)
Incorporate building and specialty codes, zoning, and other regulatory requirements in building design and construction systems.
    d.材料及技術 (Materials & Technology)
Analyze the implication of design decisions in the selection of systems, materials, and methods incorporated in building design and construction.
     (1)磚石材 (Masonry)
Identify the properties and characteristics of masonry structural and finish materials
     (2)金屬材 (Metals)
Identify the properties and characteristics of structural and miscellaneous metals.
     (3)木材 (Wood)
Identify the properties and characteristics of wood structures, rough carpentry, finish carpentry, and millwork assemblies.
     (4)混凝土材 (Concrete)
Identify the properties and characteristics of concrete structures and finishes.
     (5)其它材 (Other)
Identify the properties and characteristics of miscellaneous systems, assemblies, membranes, cladding, coatings, and finish materials (e.g., plastics, composites, glass, tensile, pneumatic, EIFS, etc.)
     (6)特殊材 (Specialties)
Analyze and select accessories, equipment, and fittings.
    e.專案及實務經營 (Project & Practice Management)
Assess the implication of construction sequencing, scheduling, cost, and risk management in the selection of systems, materials, and methods.
  ƒ繪圖題 (Vignette)
    a.行路/斜坡 (Accessibility / Ramp)
Design a ramp and stairway connecting two levels that complies with accessibility and code requirements.
    b.樓梯設計 (Stair Design)
Design a stairway connecting multiple levels that complies with accessibility and code requirements.
    c.屋頂計畫 (Roof Plan)
Design a sloped-roof plan for the removal of rainwater and locate accessories and equipment.

3.

 BUILDING DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION SYSTEMS

Intro Time

:15

MC Testing Time

1:45

85 items

Scheduled Break

:15

Intro Time

:15

Graphic Testing Time

2:45

Accessibility/Ramp, Stair Design, Roof Plan

Exit Questionnaire

:15

Scheduled Appointment Time

5:30

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4. 方案設計 (Schematic Design)
  科目概述 (Division Statement)
The application of knowledge and skills required for the schematic design of buildings and interior space planning.
  ‚裝飾設計 (Vignettes)
    a.室內規劃 (Interior Layout)
Design an interior space plan and furniture arrangement responding to program, code, and accessibility requirements.
    b.建築物規劃 (Building Layout)
Develop a schematic design for a two-story building addressing program, code, site, and environmental requirements.

4.

SCHEMATIC DESIGN

Intro Time

:15

Graphic Testing Time

1:00

Interior Layout

Scheduled Break

:15

Intro Time

:15

Graphic Testing Time

4:00

Building Layout

Exit Questionnaire

:15

Scheduled Appointment Time

6:00

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5. 結構系統 (Structural Systems)
      科目概述 (Division Statement)
Identification and incorporation of general structural and lateral force principles in the design and construction of buildings.
  ‚科目內容範圍 (Content Areas)
    a.結構概論 (General Structures)
     (1)原則() (Principles)
Apply general structural principles to the design and construction of buildings.
     (2)材料及技術 (Materials & Technology)
Analyze the implications of design decisions in the selection of systems, materials, and construction details related to general structural design.
     (3)法律及規則 (Codes & Regulations)
Incorporate building codes, specialty codes, and other regulatory requirements in the design of general structural systems.
    b.地震力 (Seismic Forces)
     (1)原則() (Principles)
Apply lateral forces principles to the design and construction of buildings to resist seismic forces.
     (2)材料及技術 (Materials & Technology)
Analyze the implications of design decisions in the selection of systems, materials, and construction details related to seismic forces.
     (3)法律及規則 (Codes & Regulations)
Incorporate building codes, specialty codes, and other regulatory requirements related to seismic forces.
    c.風力 (Wind Forces)
     (1)原則() (Principles)
Apply lateral forces principles to the design and construction of buildings to resist wind forces.
     (2)材料及技術 (Materials & Technology)
Analyze the implications of design decisions in the selection of systems, materials, and construction details related to wind forces.
     (3)法律及規則 (Codes & Regulations)
Incorporate building codes, specialty codes, and other regulatory requirements related to wind forces.
    d.側向力─一般 (Lateral Forces – General)
     (1)原則() (Principles)
Apply lateral forces principles to the design and construction of buildings.
     (2)材料及技術 (Materials & Technology)
Analyze the implications of design decisions in the selection of systems, materials, and construction details related to lateral forces. 
  ƒ繪圖題 (Vignette)
    a.結構規劃 (Structural Layout)
Design a schematic framing plan for a one-story building with a multi-level roof.

5.

STRUCTURAL SYSTEMS

Intro Time

:15

MC Testing Time

3:30

125

Scheduled Break

:15

Intro Time

:15

Graphic Testing Time

1:00

Structural Layout

Exit Questionnaire

:15

Scheduled Appointment Time

5:30

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6. 房屋系統 (Building Systems)
      科目概述 (Division Statement)
The evaluation, selection, and integration of mechanical, electrical, and specialty systems in building design and construction.
  ‚科目內容範圍 (Content Areas)
   a.法律及規則 (Codes & Regulations)
Incorporate building codes, specialty codes, and other regulatory requirements in the design of mechanical, electrical, and specialty systems.
   b.環境議題 (Environmental Issues)
Apply sustainable design principles to the selection, design and construction of building systems.
   c.給排水衛生設備 (Plumbing)
    (1)原則() (Principles)
Analyze and design plumbing systems.
    (2)材料及技術 (Materials & Technology)

Evaluate and select materials and construction details related to plumbing systems.

   d.HVAC設備 (HVAC)
    (1)原則() (Principles)
Analyze and design heating, ventilating, and air conditioning systems.
    (2)材料及技術 (Materials & Technology)
Evaluate and select materials and construction details related to heating, ventilating, and air conditioning systems.
   e.電氣設備 (Electrical)
    (1)原則() (Principles)
Analyze and design electrical systems.
    (2)材料及技術 (Materials & Technology)
Evaluate and select materials and construction details related to electrical systems.
    f.照明採光 (Lighting)
     (1)原則() (Principles)
Analyze and design natural and artificial lighting systems.
    (2)材料及技術 (Materials & Technology)
Evaluate and select materials and construction details related to natural and artificial lighting systems.
    g.專業顧問 (Specialties)
Evaluate, select, and design specialty systems for:
     (1)音響學(Acoustics)
     (2)資訊及安全(Communications & Security)
     (3)輸送系統(Conveying Systems)
     (4)防火及滅火(Fire Detection & Suppression)
  ƒ繪圖題 (Vignette)
    a.機電規畫 (Mechanical & Electrical Plan)
Develop a reflected ceiling plan that integrates ceiling, lighting, mechanical, and structural systems and incorporates life safety considerations.

6.

BUILDING SYSTEMS

Intro Time

:15

MC Testing Time

2:00

95 items

Scheduled Break

:15

Intro Time

:15

Graphic Test Time

1:00

Mechanical & Electrical Plan

Exit Questionnaire

:15

Scheduled Appointment Time

4:00

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7. 工程文件及服務 (Construction Documents & Services)
      科目概述 (Division Statement)
Application of project management and professional practice knowledge and skills, including the preparation of contract documents and contract administration.
‚科目內容範圍 (Content Areas)
    a.法律及規則 (Codes & Regulations)
Incorporate building codes, specialty codes, zoning, and other regulatory requirements in construction documents and services.
  b.環境議題 (Environmental Issues)
Incorporate sustainable design principles, adaptive reuse concepts, alternative energy systems, new material technologies, and hazardous material mitigation in construction documents.
  c.工程圖說 (Construction Drawings & Project Manual)
Prepare and coordinate construction drawings including building systems, product selection, and constructability. Prepare, coordinate, and review general and supplementary conditions and technical specifications.
  d.專案及實務經營 (Project & Practice Management)
   (1)造價 (Cost)
Prepare estimates of probable construction cost. Consider cost implications of design decisions.
   (2)工期及協調 (Scheduling & Coordination)
Prepare and manage project schedule and coordinate all contract documents including those of consultants.
   (3)專案執行 (Project Delivery (including submittals))
Establish project delivery method. Provide contract administration documentation and services.
   (4)合約及法律議題 (Contracts & Legal Issues)
Review and administer professional services and     construction contracts. Consider issues pertaining to practice including risk management and professional and business ethics.
  ƒ繪圖題 (Vignette)
    a.房屋剖面 (Building Section)
Delineate a building section that integrates structural, mechanical, and lighting systems and incorporates life safety considerations.
 

7.

 CONSTRUCTION DOCUMENTS & SERVICES

Intro Time

:15

MC Testing Time

2:00

100 items

Scheduled Break

:15

Intro Time

:15

Graphic Testing Time

1:00

Building Section

Exit Questionnaire

:15

Scheduled Appointment Time

4:00

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
三、各科目考試時間
    考生要考ARE可以選擇任何考試地點(Prometric location 全國有300Prometric test centers4,000ARE Workstations),任何時間(大部分的中心都是每週六天、一年50週的開放),任何科目選考。每科目考試報名費為$120,報名後若因故無法應考不能退費。
 
 
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