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Thesis Abstract 歷屆指導研究生之論文摘要--梁瑋如2017年7月27日
by 李玲玉 2017-08-08 14:58:25, 回應(0), 人氣(50)

全幼兒音樂教育模式對胎兒成長反應之初探性研究

中文摘要

胎兒在二十八週起能分辨聲音且有短期記憶,由監測心跳速率的變化,可呈現胎兒對聲音刺激的反應與行為,而音樂是聲音的藝術表現,它提供了母親與胎兒情感聯繫最直接的溝通管道,全幼兒音樂教育模式是整合所有領域,用音樂教育為載體,促進全幼兒在多層面和多維度上的全面發展,且提倡音樂為人之天性,家長更是孩子音樂教師首選的理念,因此本研究希望藉由執行全幼兒音樂教育活動探究其效益。具體之研究目的為:一、記錄胎兒實施全幼兒音樂教育模式之執行歷程。二、瞭解全幼兒音樂教育模式與胎動反應之關聯性。

本研究為立意取樣之個案研究於研究者本身懷孕滿三十週,且評估母體與胎兒為健康即作為研究對象,共進行16次全幼兒音樂教育模式對胎兒反應之探究。最後將資料蒐集分為質性與量化資料,質性資料包含研究對象的基本資料表、觀察紀錄表與訪談資料量化資料是透過超音波多普勒胎兒監視器,記錄的胎動反應曲線圖、社會回饋量表等工具,最後將上述資料交叉比對與分析歸納出以下研究結果

一、全幼兒音樂教育模式適合做為胎教活動。

二、全幼兒音樂教育中的音樂故事與音樂欣賞活動較能引起胎動反應。

關鍵字:全幼兒音樂教育模式、胎兒、胎動、胎教。

A Preliminary Study of Holistic Music Educational Approach for Young Children on Fetal Growth Reactions

Abstract

Fetuses at around 28 weeks have been shown to recognize voices and have short-term memory and their reactions to noise and sound stimulation can be measured by fetal heart rate (FHR) monitor. As music is an art form whose medium is sound, it serves as a direct channel for mothers to form emotional bond with unborn babies. Holistic Music Educational Approach for Young Children (HMEAYC) is a method that integrates all developmental aspects. It uses music education as a medium to facilitate the comprehensive development of young children in multilevel and multidimensional aspects. Moreover, the method promotes the idea that music is part of human nature, and parents are primary and principal music educators for their children. Therefore, the purpose of this study is stated as follows: 1. to record fetal movements throughout the process of implementing HMEAYC; 2. to learn about the relation between HMEAYC and fetuses’ reaction. This research was a case study that used purposive sampling for examining the researcher herself as the object of study when her pregnancy reached the 30th week. Having ensured the health of the researcher and her fetus, the research had practiced a total of 16 times of HMEAYC to observe the fetal behavioral response. All the collected data is divided into qualitative and quantitative one, of which the former contains the basic information of the object of study, the observation record, and interviews; while the later contains the Likert scale and graphs of fetus behavioral response recorded by using a Doppler fetal monitor. After analyzing the cross-sectional data above, this research gave a conclusion as follows:1. HMEAYC is suitable for prenatal education; 2.     Music stories and music appreciation activities of HMEAYC can better elicit responses from the fetus.

 

 

Keywords: Holistic Music Educational Approach for Young Children (HMEAYC), Fetus, Fetal Movement, Prenatal Education
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